Determination of selected heavy metals using amperometric horseradish peroxidase (HRP) inhibition biosensor

Philiswa N. Nomngongo, J. Catherine Ngila, Vincent O. Nyamori, Everlyne A. Songa, Emmanuel I. Iwuoha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Fabrication of an amperometric biosensor for determination of heavy metals in tap water based on the inhibition of horseradish peroxidase activity is reported. The inhibition of the biosensor's response to 0.95mM H2O2 at -200mV (vs. Ag/AgCl) followed the order, Cd + <Cu + <Pb +. The detection limits were 0.09ppb, 0.03 ppb, and 0.10ppb for Cd +, Pb +, and Cu +, respectively. Kinetic parameters KM p (apparent Michaelis-Menten constant) and I max (maximum current) obtained in the absence (K a M pp -1.16mM, Imax = 0.51 μiA) and the presence (KM pp = 1.13 mM, I max = 0.36) of3.13ppm Cd + showed that the enzyme inhibition process was reversible and non-competitive, and the corresponding KI (inhibition constant) value was 0.026 mM. After two weeks, the biosensor retained >95% of its initial response and gave a reproducibility of 3.8% and precision of 2.1%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2031-2046
Number of pages16
JournalAnalytical Letters
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011


  • Amperometric biosensor
  • Heavy metal
  • Horseradish peroxidase
  • Inhibition
  • Polyaniline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry (medical)
  • Electrochemistry


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