Detection of cyanogen (NCCN) on Ga-, In-, and Tl-doped aluminium nitride (AlN) nanotube: insights from quantum chemical calculations

Obinna C. Ngana, Terkumbur E. Gber, Khairia Mohammed Al-Ahmary, Gideon E. Mathias, Aljawhara Almuqrin, Ruth O. Adelagun, Jamelah S. Al-Otaibi, Daniel C. Agurokpon, Innocent Benjamin, Adedapo S. Adeyinka, Hitler Louis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Cyanogen gas has been reported to be poisonous and poses a great threat to human life when been exposed to its high concentration. Hence, the need to develop sensor materials that have the potential of detecting cyanogen gas is aroused. In this work, using the density functional theory (DFT)-based HSE, M06-2X, PBE0, and ωB97X-D/6-311G + + (d, p) functionals, the adsorption behaviour of cyanogen gas (CNG) on aluminium nitride (ALN), gallium-doped aluminium nitride (Ga@ALN), indium-doped aluminium nitride (In@ALN), and thallium-doped aluminium nitride (Tl@ALN) nanotubes as a sensor material was investigated. The calculation revealed that cyanogen gas was weakly adsorbed in the complex CNG@TlAlN with adsorption energy (− 23.01 kcal/mol), while stronger adsorption were observed for CNG@AlN (− 23.71 kcal/mol), CNG@InAlN (− 23.63 kcal/mol), and CNG@GaAlN (− 23.52 kcal/mol) at PBE0 functional. The HOMO–LUMO analysis calculations revealed that the complex CNG@InAlN (Eg = 0.2993 eV) has the highest conductivity and sensitivity. QTAIM and NCI examination revealed that the hydrogen bonding demonstrated a significant role in the interaction between the cyanogen gas and all the nanotubes. And, that CNG@AlN (− 67.861 kcal/mol) and CNG@InAlN (− 66.767 kcal/mol) have higher binding energy than other complexes. Based on these theoretical findings, it can be concluded that CNG@AlN and CNG@InAlN nanotubes are promising sensor materials for detecting cyanogen gas. Graphical abstract: (Figure presented.)

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


  • Aluminium nitride
  • Cyanogen gas
  • Density functional theory
  • Environmental and health effects
  • Nanotube
  • Sensor material

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Chemistry
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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