Designing an efficient tidal turbine blade through bio-mimicry: a systematic review

Siddharth Kulkarni, Craig Chapman, Hanifa Shah, Erika Anneli Parn, David John Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This paper aims to conduct a comprehensive literature review in the tidal energy physics, the ocean environment, hydrodynamics of horizontal axis tidal turbines and bio-mimicry. Design/methodology/approach: The paper provides an insight of the tidal turbine blade design and need for renewable energy sources to generate electricity through clean energy sources and less CO2 emission. The ocean environment, along with hydrodynamic design principles of a horizontal axis tidal turbine blade, is described, including theoretical maximum efficiency, blade element momentum theory and non-dimensional forces acting on tidal turbine blades. Findings: This review gives an overview of fish locomotion identifying the attributes of the swimming like lift-based thrust propulsion, the locomotion driving factors: dorsal fins, caudal fins in propulsion, which enable the fish to be efficient even at low tidal velocities. Originality/value: Finally, after understanding the phenomenon of caudal fin propulsion and its relationship with tidal turbine blade hydrodynamics, this review focuses on the implications of bio-mimicking a curved caudal fin to design an efficient horizontal axis tidal turbine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-124
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Engineering, Design and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Bio-mimicry
  • Horizontal axis tidal turbine
  • Ocean environment
  • Tidal energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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