Design of decoupled PI controllers for two-by-two systems

K. J. Åström, K. H. Johansson, Q. G. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

131 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The design of PI controllers for systems with interacting loops is discussed. It is advantageous to deal with the interaction at the loop level, because supervisory control seldom has sufficient bandwidth. A new scheme based on modified scalar PI design and static decoupling is developed, in which the frequency characteristic of the coupling between the lower-level loops is taken into account. This leads to a design method emphasising the trade-off between the individual loop performances and the interaction indices introduced in the paper. The controller is easily implemented, due to its simple configuration based on standard components. A useful observation is that the interaction can be reduced substantially by using set-point weighting. The method is applied to three examples, including a model of a new laboratory system called the quadruple-tank process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-81
Number of pages8
JournalIEE Proceedings: Control Theory and Applications
Volume149
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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