Design and operational aspects of anaerobic membrane bioreactor for efficient wastewater treatment and biogas production

Salaheddine Elmoutez, Almotasembellah Abushaban, Mohamed Chaker Necibi, Mika Sillanpää, Jiadong Liu, Driss Dhiba, Abdelghani Chehbouni, Mohamed Taky

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) is one of the most advanced water treatment technologies that might contribute to overcome exponential water demand in many regions around the world. AnMBR technology converts wastewater (WW) to reasonable quality of permeate water which can be used for irrigation, produces energy in the form of biogas, and generates stabilized sludge that can be recovered as biofertilizer. In the last decade, AnMBR got high interest to be used for municipal wastewater (MWW) treatment. However, AnMBR still faces some issues that hinder its upscaling to industrial maturity. This review focuses on improving the performance of AnMBR with respect to system configuration and design aspects. Both the fundamental biological (anaerobic digestion) and physical (membrane filtration mechanisms) treatment are discussed. The effect of operational parameters on the performance of AnMBR and exploitation challenges (such as fouling) of AnMBR are addressed as well. Overall, new research directions aiming at improving AnMBR performance (strategies to ensure stability under different organic loads and operating conditions, maximum recovery of dissolved methane, combination of different cleaning techniques, validation of the economic feasibility on a large scale) is still needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100671
JournalEnvironmental Challenges
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Anaerobic membrane bioreactor
  • Biogas
  • Circular economy
  • Membrane fouling
  • Municipal wastewater treatment
  • Resources recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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