Daily strengths use and work performance: A self-determination perspective

Hannah L. Moore, Arnold B. Bakker, Heleen van Mierlo, Marianne van Woerkom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Drawing on self-determination theory, this study examines how using personal strengths at work in the morning is associated with different types of performance throughout the workday. Momentary satisfaction of the needs for autonomy, relatedness and competence are proposed as mechanisms that differentially link strengths use to four different performance outcomes: task accomplishment, goal attainment, organizational citizenship behaviour and counterproductive work behaviour. We collected data from 216 Dutch employees in a large variety of sectors twice a day for one workweek (N = 1470 observations) using a smartphone application. Results of multilevel structural equation modelling showed that momentary satisfaction of the needs for autonomy and competence at noon mediated the positive relationship between morning strengths use and afternoon task accomplishment and goal attainment. Furthermore, satisfaction of the need for relatedness mediated the positive relationship between morning strengths use and afternoon organizational citizenship behaviour, but not the negative relationship between morning strengths use and counterproductive work behaviour. These findings deepen our understanding of strengths use theory and uncover novel insight on the temporal aspects of strengths use within a working day.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-208
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • diary study
  • job performance
  • multilevel modelling
  • need satisfaction
  • strengths use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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