Crossover of burnout and engagement in work teams

Arnold B. Bakker, Hetty Van Emmerik, Martin C. Euwema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

388 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the crossover of burnout and work engagement among 2,229 Royal Dutch constabulary officers, working in one of 85 teams. The authors hypothesized that both states may transfer from teams to individual team members. The results of multilevel analyses confirm this crossover phenomenon by showing that team-level burnout and work engagement are related to individual team members' burnout (i.e., exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy) and work engagement (vigor, dedication, and absorption), after controlling for individual members' job demands and resources. The implications of these findings for interventions aimed at the promotion of employee well-being are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-489
Number of pages26
JournalWork and Occupations
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Burnout
  • Crossover
  • Emotional contagion
  • Work engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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