Counseling in Zimbabwe

Elias Mpofu, Messiah R. Makuane, Kimberly A.M. Richards, Magen M. Mhaka-Mutepfa, Jabulani Mpofu, Shupikai Zebron, Mclytton Nkonde Clever

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter considers counseling in Zimbabwe, which is a developing country with a recent history of major sociopolitical transition. It begins with a discussion of school and other types of counseling. Next, the chapter presents counseling approaches and techniques, highlighting the importance of livelihoods counseling. It then talks about counselor education and training for professional and indigenous counselors. This is followed by a discussion on diversity issues and the future prospects for counseling in Zimbabwe. The majority of Zimbabwe Open University counseling students work in the civil service, such as in schools and hospitals, and thus are not community counselors. The professionalization of counseling in Zimbabwe is still in its infancy, and most counseling is performed in community settings by family and socially networked others. The majority of counselors in Zimbabwe are paraprofessionals with minimal training. Counselor supervision training is an area of great need in Zimbabwe.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCounseling Around the World
Subtitle of host publicationAn International Handbook
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781119222736
ISBN (Print)9781556203169
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sept 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Counseling in Zimbabwe
  • Counseling practices
  • Counselor education
  • Diversity issues in Zimbabwe
  • Facilitative counseling
  • Health counseling
  • Livelihoods counseling
  • Professional counselors
  • Rehabilitative care counseling
  • School counseling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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