Corrosion resistance of duplex stainless steels in selected organic acids and organic acid/chloride environments

F. V. Adams, P. A. Olubambi, J. H. Potgieter, J. Van Der Merwe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to supplement the scant previous investigations on the corrosion behaviour of 2205 and 2507 duplex stainless steels in selected organic acids containing chloride additions. Design/methodology/approach – Microstructural examination of the alloys was first carried out, after which the corrosion behaviour of the alloys in citric, oxalic, formic and acetic acids containing chloride additions at varying temperatures was studied using electrochemical techniques. Findings – The alloy 2507 material had a larger grain size than did the alloy 2205 sample. The corrosion resistances of the alloys generally are highest in acetic acids and lowest in citric acid. The addition of chloride had a pronounced effect on their corrosion resistance. Alloy 2507 generally exhibited higher corrosion resistance in all of the acids than alloy 2205, with the exception of acetic acid at room temperature. The 50:50 ratio of ferrite to austenite composition, as revealed by phase compositional analysis, indicated no significant possibility for galvanic corrosion between the phases. This suggests that the corrosion behaviour of the alloys is controlled by their grain sizes and chemical compositions. Originality/value – Although the corrosion behaviour of duplex stainless steels in some organic acid media has been reported, this investigation covers the major organic acids not previously reported. Since in real industrial systems a mixture of both organic and minerals acids/salts may typically exist, investigations of the combined effect of chloride ions with the organic acids reported in this paper typify real industrial operations. The paper thus provides a basis for material selection for the application of 2205 and 2507 in industrial systems where organic acids are mostly used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-117
Number of pages11
JournalAnti-Corrosion Methods and Materials
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 25 May 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Acids
  • Chloride
  • Corrosion
  • Corrosion resistance
  • Stainless steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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