Contributing to energy sustainability: A review of mesoporous material supported catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis

Leonard Uchejim Okonye, Yali Yao, Diane Hildebrandt, Reinout Meijboom

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) provides an alternative route for the conversion of carbon-containing feedstocks, such as biomass and municipal waste, to valuable end products. The concern, however, is how to make the process more efficient in terms of the activity of the catalyst and selectivity to desired products and in this way provide an economically competitive and sustainable technology to supply fuels and chemicals to global energy suppliers. This review centres on the optimisation of metals and the use of mesoporous materials to enhance the structure-performance relationship of catalysts used in FTS. The enhancement takes advantage of active site accessibility, increased surface-to-volume ratios and improved chemical potential, to facilitate optimum catalyst performance, therefore improving the entire process and minimising CO2 emissions. The unique properties of nanoparticles and mesoporous materials, higher volumetric activity, the controllability afforded by morphology modification of mesoporous materials and the various oxidation states of mesoporous metal oxides can be exploited for catalyst development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-107
Number of pages29
JournalSustainable Energy and Fuels
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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