Congestion Control Mechanism on Transport Layer Protocol: The Application of Terahertz Frequency

Sabelo Emmanuel Sithole, Prabhat Thakur, Ghanshyam Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Due to the increasing population, there is a demand for new technologies that require nanotechnology. As a result, rapid increase in congestion will be experienced in the transport layer protocol. The transport layer protocol serves as a vehicle to transmit data from one layer to the next. Nanotechnology uses extremely small components in the region of 1×10-9 or smaller. Moreover, with the new viruses or pandemics already detected like Ibola, Coronavirus, Monkeypox, etc. new technologies that will transmit data from the body of a patient to healthcare practitioners will be required and during this period, there will be a large amount of data transferred from one device to the other, and this will increase congestion in the network. The usage of social media, i.e., WhatsApp, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, TikTok, etc., has also increased significantly, contributing to congestion in the wireless network. The use of wires to connect two or more devices is becoming obsolete as the world is moving towards the next industrial revolution. One of the Modelers that are used in wireless systems in local area networks is known as Optimized Network Engineering Tool (OPNET) 14.5. This simulation method is used in this paper to conclude. This paper also suggests further research that needs to be undertaken.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-64
Number of pages12
JournalInstrumentation Mesure Metrologie
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023


  • nonotechnology
  • sensor
  • sensor node
  • terahertz communication
  • transmission layer protocol
  • transport layer protocol
  • wireless communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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