Conceptualising a framework for school leaders as they foster an inclusive education culture in schools

Seipati Patricia Ramango, Suraiya R. Naicker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The need to identify and address South African school leaders’ challenges in developing an inclusive education culture frames the purpose of this study. A qualitative methodology using a multiple case study design in three secondary schools was employed. Data collection ensued through focus group interviews with school management teams (SMTs) and teachers. The findings highlight areas that both challenge and overwhelm SMTs. These areas include the inadequate implementation of the screening, identification, assessment and support (SIAS) policy, the need for parent support for inclusivity, and inclusive pedagogy limitations. Furthermore, there is a need for human and financial resources to support inclusive education. The study proposes a framework that clarifies the role of the SMT in facilitating inclusivity. The framework posits the need for visionary, strategic, and social justice leadership, focuses on ways to transform the school culture, and offers practical guidance for translating the SIAS policy into practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-106
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Education (South Africa)
Issue number86
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • inclusive education
  • inclusivity
  • school leaders
  • school management teams
  • school-based support team
  • screening identification assessment and support policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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