Composite Action of Pre-Cracked Reinforced Concrete Beams Repaired With Adhesive Bonded Steel Plates

Sandile D. Ngidi, Morgan Dundu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Previous studies demonstrated that significantly cracked beams can be repaired by bonding steel plates, however, there is a lack of comprehensive information about the effect of the width-to-thickness ratio of steel plates on repaired composite beams, and the use of thicker plates to repair failed RC beams. This paper presents an assessment of the performance of pre-cracked reinforced concrete beams repaired with adhesive bonded steel plates, of varying width-to-thickness ratio, at the soffit. A total number of 12 beams were tested under a two-point static loading. Group 1 consisted of two control specimens, Group 2 comprised of five beams that were pre-cracked to 60% (serviceability load), and Group 3 consisted of another five beams that were pre-cracked to 85% of the ultimate load. Subsequently, the pre-cracked beams were repaired by bonding steel plates of 6 mm thickness and 75–175 mm widths, which varied in increments of 25 mm. Externally bonding steel plates to pre-cracked reinforced concrete beams increased their load capacities by >100%, compared to the control beams. Except for specimen PB60-175, there is generally increase in the capacity of the repaired beams with increase in the width-to-thickness ratio of the steel plates. Beams that were pre-cracked at a lower load level (serviceability load) reached higher strengths than the beams that were pre-cracked at a higher load level (85% of the ultimate load capacity). In all tested beams, the experimental moment of resistance did not reach the code-predicted moment of resistance, calculated using EN 1992-1-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-408
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018


  • De-bonding
  • Flexural strength
  • Pre-cracked reinforced concrete beams
  • Repairing
  • Steel plates
  • Width-to-thickness ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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