Comparison of mitochondrial genome sequences of pangolins (Mammalia, Pholidota)

Alexandre Hassanin, Jean Pierre Hugot, Bettine Jansen Van Vuuren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract The complete mitochondrial genome was sequenced for three species of pangolins, Manis javanica, Phataginus tricuspis, and Smutsia temminckii, and comparisons were made with two other species, Manis pentadactyla and Phataginus tetradactyla. The genome of Manidae contains the 37 genes found in a typical mammalian genome, and the structure of the control region is highly conserved among species. In Manis, the overall base composition differs from that found in African genera. Phylogenetic analyses support the monophyly of the genera Manis, Phataginus, and Smutsia, as well as the basal division between Maninae and Smutsiinae. Comparisons with GenBank sequences reveal that the reference genomes of M. pentadactyla and P. tetradactyla (accession numbers NC-016008 and NC-004027) were sequenced from misidentified taxa, and that a new species of tree pangolin should be described in Gabon.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3336
Pages (from-to)260-265
Number of pages6
JournalComptes Rendus - Biologies
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015


  • Africa
  • Cryptic species
  • Manidae
  • Phylogeny
  • Taxonomic misidentification
  • mtDNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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