Comparative Study of Rheological Effects of Vegetable Oil-Lubricant, TiO2, MWCNTs Nano-Lubricants, and Machining Parameters’ Influence on Cutting Force for Sustainable Metal Cutting Process

Imhade P. Okokpujie, Lagouge K. Tartibu, Jude E. Sinebe, Adeyinka O.M. Adeoye, Esther T. Akinlabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nano-lubricant machining of Aluminum 8112 alloy is the art of sustainable manufacturing of mechanical components used for defense technology and aerospace application. However, machining aluminum alloys generates excess heat, which tends to increase the cutting force (F.C.), due to the material adhesion of the workpiece on the cutting tool. The challenge has drawn researchers’ attention to introducing nano-lubrication processes. This study focused on the comparative assessment of eco-friendly vegetable oil-based-TiO2 and MWCNTs nano-lubricant on cutting force during the machining of the Aluminum 8112 alloy. Nanoparticles were implemented on the base oil using an ultrasonic vibrator and magnetic stirrer before the application in the machining, via the minimum quantity lubrication process. Quadratic central composite designs were employed to carry out the experiment, using five factors at five levels, having experimental runs of 50. The input parameters are helix angle (H.A.), spindle speed (S.S.), axial depth of cut (ADOC), feed rate (F.R.), and length of cut (LOC). The results show that the application of the nanoparticle increases the performance of the vegetable oil on the cutting force. TiO2 nano-lubricant reduces the cutting force by 0.26%, compared with the MWCNTs, and 6% compared with the vegetable oil. Furthermore, the MWCNT nano-lubricant reduces the cutting force by 5% compared with the vegetable oil lubrication environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number54
JournalLubricants
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • aluminum alloy
  • cutting force
  • machining
  • nano-lubricant
  • vegetable oil lubricant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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