Combined effect of sun flower stem carbon-calcium alginate beads for the removal and recovery of chromium from contaminated water in column mode

Monika Jain, V. K. Garg, Krishna Kadirvelu, Mika Sillanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adsorptive removal of Cr(VI) was investigated in a downfl ow fixed bed column using sunflower stem carbon-calcium alginate beads (SSC-CAB) at various bed heights (28.0, 38.0, and 52.0 cm), initial Cr(VI) concentrations (10-20 mg/L), and flow rates (1.0-3.0 mL) at preoptimized pH = 2.0 for achieving the breakthrough curves. The adsorption capacity was calculated using the Bohart-Adams (BA) model which is widely used for column adsorption. The highest adsorption capacity of 4.09 mg/L was recorded at a bed height of 52.0 cm, flow rate of 1.0 mL/min, and an initial Cr(VI) concentration of 10.0 mg/L. The breakthrough time increased with a decrease in flow rate and Cr(VI) concentration and an increase in bed height. The adsorption capacity (N0) at 50% breakthrough time was 20 mg/L. Cr(VI) loaded SSC-CAB adsorbent was washed with 0.5 M HCl solution at a flow rate of 2.0 mL/min, and the efficiency of the adsorbent regenerated by the desorbing agent was examined in three sorption/desorption cycles. Regeneration e fficiency of SSC-CAB was 55% after the third cycle. The removal of Cr(VI) in the fixed bed column using sunflower stem carbon-calcium alginate beads is, thus, an effective, economically viable and environmentally feasible process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1419-1425
Number of pages7
JournalIndustrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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