Climatic conditions: Conventional and nanotechnology-based methods for the control of mosquito vectors causing human health issues

Toqeer Ahmed, Muhammad Zeeshan Hyder, Irfan Liaqat, Miklas Scholz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Climate variability is highly impacting on mosquito-borne diseases causing malaria and dengue fever across the globe. Seasonal variability change in temperature and rainfall patterns are impacting on human health. Mosquitoes cause diseases like dengue fever, yellow fever, malaria, Chikungunya, West Nile and Japanese encephalitis. According to estimations by health organizations, annually one million human deaths are caused by vector-borne diseases, and dengue fever has increased about 30-fold over the past 50 years. Similarly, over 200 million cases of malaria are being reported annually. Mosquito-borne diseases are sensitive to temperature, humidity and seasonal variability. Both conventional (environmental, chemical, mechanical, biological etc.) and nanotechnology-based (Liposomes, nano-suspensions and polymer-based nanoparticles) approaches are used for the eradication of Malaria and dengue fever. Now green approaches are used to eradicate mosquitoes to save human health without harming the environment. In this review, the impact of climatic conditions on mosquito-borne diseases along with conventional and nanotechnology-based approaches used for controlling malaria and dengue fever have been discussed. Important recommendations have been made for people to stay healthy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3165
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume16
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2019

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Dengue fever
  • Environmental management
  • Eradication of vectors
  • Human health
  • Malaria
  • Mosquito-borne diseases
  • Nanotechnology-based disease control approaches
  • Public health risk
  • Traditional disease control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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