Chemotaxonomic survey of anthraquinones and pre-anthraquinones in roots of Aloe species

Ben Erik Van Wyk, Abiy Yenesew, Ermias Dagne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Root samples from 172 species of Aloe were surveyed by TLC and HPLC for the presence of anthraquinones and pre-anthraquinones. With the exception of the three species of the series Serrulatae, 1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinones (chrysophanol and asphodelin) were detected in all the species sampled. Compounds derived through the 1-methyl-8-hydroxyanthraquinone pathway, i.e. aloesaponarin I, aloesaponarin II and laccaic acid d-methyl ester, together with their corresponding pre-anthraquinones were detected in 129 species. The results also show that isoeleutherol is a useful chemotaxonomic character for the series Saponarieae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-275
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Systematics and Ecology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1995


  • Aloe
  • Alooideae
  • Asphodelaceae
  • anthraquinones
  • chemotaxonomy
  • pre-anthraquinones
  • roots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biochemistry


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