Chemical treatment of phosphogypsum and its potential application for building and construction

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45 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated the use of a chemical treatment process to treat phosphogypsum waste generated from a phosphoric acid production plant and render the final product useful for building and construction applications. Four reagents namely; citric acid, oxalic acid, sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate were used for the reduction and removal of hazardous and radioactive constituents in the material. The results for the untreated gypsum revealed that phosphogypsum used in this study was radioactive and laden with radionuclides such as 210Pb, 214Pb, 214Bi, 226Ra, 208Tl, 228Ac, 40K. The best leaching reagent was found to be 0.5 M citric acid as it reduced the relative proportion of contaminants contained in the material. The treated product was blended with lime and fly ash and the effect of curing temperature and phosphogypsum content on the unconfined compressive strength was investigated. Curing at higher temperatures proved to improve the strength of the specimen, the highest strength were obtained at PG content of 30%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-648
Number of pages8
JournalProcedia Manufacturing
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event2nd International Conference on Sustainable Materials Processing and Manufacturing, SMPM 2019 - Sun City, South Africa
Duration: 8 Mar 201910 Mar 2019


  • Environmental
  • Landfill
  • Leaching
  • Phosphogypsum
  • Radionuclides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence


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