Chalcogenides and their nanocomposites in heavy metal decontamination

Tshimangadzo S. Munonde, Shirley Kholofelo Selahle, Philiswa Nosizo Nomngongo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

The environment and public health are strongly threatened by the accumulation of heavy metals (HMs) within the drinking water systems and the food chain, resulting from various anthropogenic activities. Thus, effective, reliable, and cost-effective methods for heavy metal decontamination ought to be developed and deployed for the mitigation of the HMs issues that lead to various environmental and public health problems. Chalcogenide nanomaterials have emerged as visible light photocatalysts used in heavy metal decontamination. The photocatalytic degradation process was preferred over adsorption and ion exchange as it does not produce any secondary pollution. This chapter, therefore, presents an overview of various chalcogenide nanomaterials used for heavy metal decontamination, challenges and future perspectives are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMetal-Chalcogenide Nanocomposites
Subtitle of host publicationFundamentals, Properties and Industrial Applications
PublisherElsevier
Pages117-133
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9780443188091
ISBN (Print)9780443188084
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • adsorption
  • bandgap
  • chalcogenides
  • environmental chemical engineering
  • environmental nanotechnology
  • environmental pollution
  • heavy metal decontamination
  • Heavy metals
  • ion-exchange
  • materials application
  • materials characterization
  • materials synthesis
  • nanocomposites
  • photocatalysis
  • photocatalytic degradation
  • surface property
  • water systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Materials Science

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