Cell wall reinforcement in cotton hypocotyls in response to a Verticillium dahliae elicitor

Franchoan Smit, Ian A. Dubery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Citations (Scopus)


Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) hypocotyl tissue responded with increased lignification following treatment with a protein-lipopolysaccharide elicitor from Verticillium dahliae, the causative agent of vascular wilt disease in cotton. The induction of defence reactions was investigated over a period of 0 35 hr. Following exposure to the elicitor, increased synthesis and deposition of lignin and lignin-like phenolic polymers occurred. The induced phase of active lignification correlated with and was preceded by a transient increase in levels of enzyme activities; phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase and cell wall associated peroxidase. The defence responses in two cultivars of G. hirsutum (cv. OR19 and Acala1517-70, resistant and susceptible to V. dahliae, respectively) were compared. The resistant cultivar exhibited higher and earlier induced levels of enzyme activity and lignin-like polymers compared to the susceptible cultivar. This indicates that the effectiveness of induced defence responses depends on their rapid initiation, development and accumulation and suggests a possible correlation between the timing and intensity of lignin-like polymer accumulation and resistance/tolerance of G.hirsutum seedlings against V. dahliae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-815
Number of pages5
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1997


  • Gossypium hirsutum
  • Malvaceae
  • cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase
  • cotton
  • lignin
  • peroxidase
  • phenylalanine ammonia- lyase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture


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