Cationic site substitution effect on magnetic properties of NiCr2O4 nanoparticles

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Spinel ferrimagnetic compounds of the form MCr2O4, where M is a divalent metal cation are of great interest due to the structural and magnetic phase transitions. In this class of materials, NiCr2O4 and CoCr2O4 are well studied in bulk or single crystals. NiCr2O4 demonstrates low temperature magnetic phase transitions together with structural phase transitions. However, CoCr2O4 displays only magnetic phase transitions at low temperature retaining stable cubic phase across the magnetic phase transition temperatures. Exchange interaction between the magnetic cations situated at the tetrahedral or octahedral site determines the net magnetic properties of the material. By site mixing with different cations, drastic changes in the magnetic exchange interaction leading to change in magnetic properties are observed. The present work focuses on the structural and magnetic properties of (Ni0.5Co0.5)(Cr0.75Fe0.25)2O4 nanoparticles. Co2+ and Fe3+ have been substituted at Ni and Cr sites, respectively, to modify the magnetic interactions. Rietveld refinement of the x-ray diffraction (XRD) data confirmed the cubic Fd3-m space group of the samples. In addition to the site substitution the size of the particles was exclusively in the nano range. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses showed the average particle size DTEM = 82 ± 2 nm. MZFC and MFC demonstrate irreversibility at low temperature. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) confirmed the presence of Co, Ni, Cr, Fe and O without trace of any impurities in the samples. TC of the sample was found to be 138 ± 2 K by differentiating the MZFC data with respect to temperature measured with a probing magnetic field of 0.1 T. Hysteresis loops measured at 3 K demonstrated kinks around zero field range.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDAE Solid State Physics Symposium 2019
EditorsVeerendra K. Sharma, C. L. Prajapat, S. M. Yusuf
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735420250
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2020
Event64th DAE Solid State Physics Symposium 2019, DAE-SSPS 2019 - Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
Duration: 18 Dec 201922 Dec 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616


Conference64th DAE Solid State Physics Symposium 2019, DAE-SSPS 2019
CityJodhpur, Rajasthan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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