Catalytic evaluation of dendrimer and reverse microemulsion template Pd and Pt nanoparticles for the selective oxidation of styrene using TBHP

Ji Hyang Noh, Rapelang Patala, Reinout Meijboom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here, we employed colloidal Pd and Pt nanoparticles synthesized by dendrimer templates as well as reverse microemulsions in the selective oxidation of styrene using tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) as an oxidant. We investigate their catalytic behavior and the feasibility as oxidation catalysts. High selectivity to styrene oxide, was achieved in the oxidation of styrene. The catalytic activities in terms of styrene conversion decreased in the order of dendrimer-templated Pd nanoparticles > thiol-capped Pd nanoparticles by reverse microemulsions > dendrimer-templated Pt nanoparticles > thiol-capped Pt nanoparticles by reverse microemulsions. This indicated that Pd-based catalysts were more efficient to catalyze the styrene oxidation reaction as compared to Pt-based catalysts. Furthermore, the dendrimer template synthetic method produced catalysts with higher activity as compared to those prepared by the reverse microemulsion template. The catalytic activities and selectivity profiles in various reaction conditions such as solvent type, styrene to TBHP ratio, type of catalysts, catalyst dosing, and temperature are discussed. The changes of average nanoparticle size after the reactions and the recyclability of Pd and Pt catalysts are examined. Overall results indicated that although higher catalytic activities were obtained with the use of dendrimer-templated nanoparticles, better recyclability as well as selectivity to styrene oxide was achieved with the use of thiol-capped Pd nanoparticles synthesized by reverse microemulsions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-266
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume514
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • AOT/Isooctane/water
  • Dendrimer-templated
  • Hydroxyl terminated PAMAM dendrimer
  • Pd nanoparticles
  • Pt nanoparticles
  • Reverse microemulsions
  • Styrene oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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