Arnold B. Bakker, Ana Isabel Sanz-Vergel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Burnout is defined as a syndrome of chronic exhaustion and a cynical attitude towards work that is caused by one's professional life. Examining what causes job burnout is crucial for the prevention of the syndrome and its consequences – including impaired well-being, job performance, and productivity. The study of personality is relevant in this area of research, because personality has been consistently related to burnout. Beyond the objective nature of the work, employees tend to perceive the work environment favorably or unfavorably depending on their personality characteristics. Personality factors also interact with job demands and resources in predicting burnout. Recent research has indicated that burnout symptoms may vary from day to day, depending on the prevalence of daily work characteristics and daily emotional states. This opens the door to new research that sheds light on the process of burnout, and on possible interventions that may prevent burnout.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Wiley Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences
Subtitle of host publicationVolume IV: Clinical, Applied, and Cross-Cultural Research
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781119547181
ISBN (Print)9781119057475
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Burnout
  • Job demands
  • Job resources
  • Job stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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