Black economic empowerment and South African tourism: The early pioneers

Zinzi Sixaba, Christian M. Rogerson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The question of Black Economic Empowerment and redressing racial economic balances in South Africa has been a major policy theme since democratic transition in 1994. Amongst many sectors impacted by empowerment and transformation initiatives tourism has been prominent. National government has introduced a series of policy measures seeking to expand Black participation in the national tourism industry. A growing scholarship exists on this issue. It is argued that historical research contributes a fresh perspective on debates relating to Black Economic Empowerment and transformation of South Africa's tourism industry. Using archival source material the article highlights the activities of two pioneer Black entrepreneurs whose involvement in the tourism industry of South Africa stretches back to the 19th century. It is recommended that further historical investigations are merited concerning issues around Black entrepreneurship in South Africa's tourism industry prior to the implementation of transformation initiatives.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAfrican Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Black economic empowerment
  • Historical tourism
  • South African tourism industry
  • Transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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