Biopolymer-Based Composites for Medical Applications

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biopolymer-based composites have received attention for their worth in medical fields and their usage is increasing considerably owing to their optimal mechanical properties, low immunogenicity, ease of availability form natural sources, and high biocompatibility and biodegradation. Most biopolymers used for medical applications are derived from proteins and polysaccharides, which includes both terrestrial and marine based polysaccharides. Various methods are utilized to produce biopolymer-based composites for medical applications, such as casting/solvent evaporation, freeze-drying, electrospinning, three-dimensional (3D) printing, deposition-precipitation, nanoprecipitation, film casting, forcespinning and gelation methods. In this article, we focus on the types of biopolymers derived from natural sources, fabrication methodology, therapeutic application, recent advances of different proteins and polysaccharides available to synthesize biopolymer-based composites, and their functional role in the field of tissue engineering, medical implants, drug delivery systems, and wound healing. Moreover, this article briefly provides an overview of clinical applications and major global clinical trial status of biopolymers in medical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1-5
PublisherElsevier
Pages20-28
Number of pages9
Volume1-5
ISBN (Electronic)9780128131961
ISBN (Print)9780128131954
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Biopolymer
  • Chitosan
  • Collagen
  • Composites
  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Medical applications
  • Polysaccharides
  • Proteins
  • Starch
  • Tissue engineering
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Arts and Humanities

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Biopolymer-Based Composites for Medical Applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this