Bioceramic coating of hydroxyapatite fabricated on Ti-6Al-4V with Nd-YAG laser

Monnamme Tlotleng, Esther T. Akinlabi, Mukul Shukla, Sisa Pityana

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


This paper presents on the direct laser melted hydroxyapatite coatings achieved by melting the pre-placed powder beds using Nd-YAG laser. The process development and optimized parameters are reported. The results show that by changing the laser power and the beam inclined plane it is possible that a desirable coating of HAP that is rich on the surface can be produced. The microstructures of the coatings showed balling and cracking at beam angles between 0-15° and at 27° a successful coating was achieved with laser power and scanning speed of 750W and 5mm/s respectively. The said coating was pore and crack free while it retained non-decomposed HAP crystallites on the surface (mixed). The microstructure of the transition layer concluded a moderate temperature process since the formed dendrites did not develop or form secondary arms. The Ca/P conducted on the coating using EDS concluded Ca/P ratio of 8.04 and the absence of titanium phosphates phase (TiP2). TiP2 is typically associated with the decomposition of HAP and indicate the presence of high processing temperatures. Even so, the current results indicated that the investigated process was successful in depositing HAP coating with desirable microstructures even though its bio-corrosion properties still need to be ascertained before it could be qualified as suitable for biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHigh-Power Laser Materials Processing
Subtitle of host publicationLasers, Beam Delivery, Diagnostics, and Applications IV
EditorsFriedhelm Dorsch
ISBN (Electronic)9781628414462
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventHigh-Power Laser Materials Processing: Lasers, Beam Delivery, Diagnostics, and Applications IV - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 10 Feb 201512 Feb 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceHigh-Power Laser Materials Processing: Lasers, Beam Delivery, Diagnostics, and Applications IV
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco


  • Coatings
  • Dendrites
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Laser
  • Nd-YAG
  • Titanium Needles
  • Titanium alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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