Available Transfer Capability Enhancement in Deregulated Power System through TLBO Optimised TCSC

Anurag Gautam, Ibraheem, Gulshan Sharma, Pitshou N. Bokoro, Mohammad F. Ahmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Rapid industrial development and innovations in technology bring about the menace of congestion in deregulated power systems (DPS). The transmission lines are continuously working under a stressed condition with reduced power transfer capacity. In this situation, the power losses and voltage deviations at the load buses are increased and hence reduce the system stability. To mitigate congestion, improving available transfer capability (ATC) of the transmission system is one of the most feasible and practical solution. This paper focuses on the implementation of Thyristor Controlled Series capacitor (TCSC) to mitigate congestion by enhancing ATC and via reducing power losses. AC Power Transfer Distribution Factor (ACPTDF) is applied to calculate ATC and to find the location of TCSC. To optimize the TCSC parameter (reactance), a Teaching Learning Based Optimization (TLBO) is proposed in the present work. The proposed optimization is validated on the IEEE 30 Bus system. The results are validated by matching with the results obtained through standard grey wolf optimization (GWO) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) techniques. The results show that despite two antagonistic objectives of ATC enhancement and power loss reduction, TLBO outperformed the other optimization techniques under different contingency conditions. The overall ATC of the IEEE 30 Bus system for the bilateral transactions is enhanced by 11.86%. Further active and reactive power losses are reduced by 16.7% and 29.6% for DPS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4448
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022


  • TCSC
  • ac power transfer distribution factor
  • available transfer capacity
  • congestion
  • deregulated power system
  • teaching learning based optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Available Transfer Capability Enhancement in Deregulated Power System through TLBO Optimised TCSC'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this