Automating building environmental assessment: A systematic review and future research directions

T. A.D.K. Jayasanka, Amos Darko, D. J. Edwards, Albert P.C. Chan, Farzad Jalaei

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Building environmental assessment (BEA) is critical to improving sustainability. However, the BEA process is inefficient, costly, and often inaccurate. Because automation has the potential to enhance the efficiency and accuracy of the BEA process, studies have focused on automating BEA (ABEA). Updated until now, a comprehensive analysis of prevailing literature on ABEA remains absent. This study conducts the first comprehensive systematic analysis appraising the state-of-the-art of research on ABEA. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guided to systematically analyse 91 relevant studies. Results uncover that only 29.7% of BEA systems worldwide have automated their processes, with the US LEED residing at the vanguard of automation efforts. The New Buildings scheme was mostly focused on, while largely ignoring other schemes, e.g., Existing Buildings. Five key digital approaches to ABEA were revealed, namely building information modelling (BIM) and plug-in software, BIM-ontology, data mining and machine learning, cloud-BIM, and digital twin-based approaches. Based on identified gaps, future research directions are proposed, specifically: using data mining and machine learning models for ABEA; development of a holistic cloud-based approach for real-time BEA; and digital twin for dynamic BEA. This study generates a deeper understanding of ABEA and its theoretical implications, such as major constructs and emerging perspectives, constitute a basis for holistic, and innovation in, BEA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107465
JournalEnvironmental Impact Assessment Review
Publication statusPublished - May 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Automation
  • Building environmental assessment
  • Digital technologies
  • Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Ecology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Automating building environmental assessment: A systematic review and future research directions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this