Assessing the interactive effects of the ethics of construction professionals on project performance in the Ghanaian construction industry

Ewald Kuoribo, Roland Yomoah, De Graft Owusu-Manu, Alex Acheampong, David John Edwards, Caleb Debrah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The construction industry is beset with unethical behaviours. Although several studies have investigated the effects of unethical behaviours on project performance, research in the Ghanaian construction industry (GCI) remains scant. Consequently, this research assesses the interactive effects of ethical and unethical behaviours of construction professionals on project performance in the GCI. Design/methodology/approach: A quantitative research approach was used to obtain primary data from 68 construction professionals, viz, quantity surveyors, architects, civil engineers, clerk of works and project managers, via a closed-ended questionnaire survey. Data collected were analysed using one-sample t-test and Kruskal–Wallis test statistics, after which two hypotheses were tested and validated using regression analysis. Findings: Reduction of project risks, avoidance of legal problems and maximisation project quality performance were critical effects of ethical behaviours observed on project performance, whereas the effects of unethical behaviours such as cost overrun, abandonment and time overrun were severe on project performance in the GCI. Ethical behaviour was seen to relate to project performance positively, and unethical behaviour was proved to have dire consequences on project performance. Practical implications: Construction project performance is greatly influenced by professionals' ethical and unethical behaviours. Emergent findings emanating from this research will assist emerging economies in developing and implementing counter policies and systems that mitigate the unethical behaviours of construction professionals. Social implications: The study highlights the effects of ethical and unethical behaviours on project performance to reorient individuals' perceptions that unethical behaviours are less critical in the construction industry. Supporting evidence encourages individuals to adhere to ethical behaviours in a project environment. Research limitations/implications: The inability to obtain data across the entire geographical spread of Ghana is acknowledged as a major limitation of the study and affects the generalisation of the results. Originality/value: This study constitutes a first attempt to establish the interactive effects of ethical and unethical behaviours of construction professionals on project performance within the GCI. A significant addition to the body of knowledge is that ethical and unethical behaviours impact project performance positively or negatively, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5233-5252
Number of pages20
JournalEngineering, Construction and Architectural Management
Volume30
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Construction professional
  • Ethics
  • Ghanaian construction industry
  • Project performance
  • Unethical behaviour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • General Business,Management and Accounting

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