Aspects of Cyber Security in Autonomous and Connected Vehicles

Bhavesh Raju Mudhivarthi, Prabhat Thakur, Ghanshyam Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


An automobile is a computer on wheels after the integration of electronics. This handshake of electronics and mechanical systems makes a vehicle smart, and comfortable; driver assistance for achieving this involves data exchange and surroundings sensing. Devices such as sensors, telematics, protocols, etc., are responsible for data exchange and data sensing. This process contains some loopholes that are the preliminary sources for the attacker to attack the vulnerable devices to control the vehicle. This article provides a review of possible attacks and defenses on autonomous and connected vehicles. The attacker’s area of autonomous and connected vehicles is classified into three categories that are safety system attacks, connectivity attacks, and diagnostics attacks, and provided all possible defenses for those attacks. In addition, we provided an analysis of the domain to understand the scenarios in this domain, recommendations, and future scope in this area for further work.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3014
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • attacks
  • automobile
  • cyber security
  • intrusion detection
  • network security

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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