Artificial mussels as indicators of metal pollution in freshwater systems: A field evaluation in the Koekemoer Spruit, South Africa

L. Claassens, S. Dahms, J. H.J. Van Vuren, R. Greenfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There has been a recent increase in water quality problems in South Africa. The monitoring of water resources is important for the continued management of water resources. The use of artificial mussels (AMs) as passive sampling devices in the monitoring of metals within a freshwater system was evaluated in a recent field study. Correlation testing was conducted between the AMs and Melanoides tuberculata for As, Cd, Cr, Co, Cu, Pb, Mn, Ni, U, V and Zn. It was found that a positive significant correlation exists between AMs and M. tuberculata with regards to As, U, and Co accumulations. The trend of metal accumulation between AMs and M. tuberculata were found to be similar for all of the metals tested. Site 2 which is located close to a gold mine, was found to have the highest metal concentrations in this study. This study confirms the hypothesis that AMs can be used as a useful tool for monitoring metals in freshwater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)940-946
Number of pages7
JournalEcological Indicators
Volume60
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Artificial mussels
  • Melanoides tuberculata
  • Metal accumulation
  • Passive sampling devices
  • Water quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Decision Sciences
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Artificial mussels as indicators of metal pollution in freshwater systems: A field evaluation in the Koekemoer Spruit, South Africa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this