Application of Photo-Fenton, Electro-Fenton, and Photo-Electro-Fenton processes for the treatment of DMSO and DMAC wastewaters

Maryam Behrouzeh, Mohammad Mehdi Parivazh, Elnaz Danesh, Mohammad Javad Dianat, Mohsen Abbasi, Shahriar Osfouri, Amir Rostami, Mika Sillanpää, Mahdieh Dibaj, Mohammad Akrami

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Biological treatment, due to the formation of hazardous chemicals to remove organic compounds such as dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and N, N-dimethylacetamide (DMAC), has limited potential. Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are regarded as a viable alternative for treating molecules containing carbon-hydrogen bonds that cannot be broken down by traditional physico-chemical methods. In this investigation, various AOPs such as Photo-Fenton, Electro-Fenton, and Photo-Electro-Fenton processes were studied to treat wastewaters containing DMSO and DMAC. The effects of the operating parameters, including various initial concentrations of DMSO and DMAC, initial pH, reaction time, different concentrations of Fenton's reagent, power of UV lamp, different concentrations of electrolytes, the distance between electrodes and current intensity, were investigated. The findings of the experiments revealed that a pH of 3 and a reaction time of 120 min were optimal. At 2000 mg L−1 of DMSO, maximum degradation and the final concentration of TOC were 98.64 % and 256.8 mg L−1, respectively, by the Electro-Fenton process under the optimal conditions. The Electro-Fenton process was successful in determining the maximum degradation of DMAC (96.31 %) and the final TOC concentration (10.03 mg L−1) at 250 mg L−1 of DMAC under optimal conditions. Finally, it can be concluded that the Electro-Fenton process was the best process for the efficient removal of DMSO and DMAC. The second step of the kinetic model follows a pseudo-first-order reaction for 250 and 500 mg L−1 of pollutants and obeyed a pseudo-second-order kinetic model for concentrations of 1000, 2000 mg L−1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104229
JournalArabian Journal of Chemistry
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • Advanced Oxidation Process (AOP)
  • DMAC wastewater
  • DMSO wastewater
  • Electro-Fenton
  • Photo-Electro-Fenton processes
  • Photo-Fenton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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