Anti-inflammatory activity of the essential oils of Cymbopogon validus (Stapf) Stapf ex Burtt Davy from Eastern Cape, South Africa

Pamela Rungqu, Opeoluwa Oyedeji, Benedicta Nkeh-Chungag, Sandile Songca, Oluwatobi Oluwafemi, Adebola Oyedeji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To evaluate the essential oil composition and the anti-inflammatory activity of Cymbopogon validus (C. validus) leaves and flowers. Methods A total of 300 g of fresh or dry (leaves and flowers) of C. validus were cut into small pieces and subjected to hydro-distillation method for approximately 5 h using the Clevenger apparatus. The extracted essential oils were then used for testing the anti-inflammatory activity. The anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated by using egg albumin-induced paw edema. Results The extracted oils had the following yields 2.2% for fresh leaves, 2.0% for dry leaves and 2.4% v/w for dry flowers. GC–MS results revealed that the oils contained artemisia ketone (37.5%), linalool (3.2%–29.6%), northujane (4.4%–16.8%), verbenone (13.5%), naphthalene (1.7%–9.6%), δ-cadinene (0.5%–8.1%), hedycaryol (5.4%–7.6%) and α-eudesmol (6.5%–6.7%) as the major constituents. C. validus essential oils showed significant (P < 0.05) anti-inflammatory effects from the first 30 min after albumin injection compared to aspirin which had a later onset of effect. Conclusions The findings of this study show that the essential oil extracted from C. validus fresh or dry leaves and flowers have anti-inflammatory properties; that might be associated with the major components and the minor components found in the essential oils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)426-431
Number of pages6
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016

Keywords

  • Anti-inflammation
  • Artemisia ketone
  • Cymbopogon validus
  • Egg albumin-induced edema
  • Essential oils
  • Linalool

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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