Analysis of clean coal technology in Nigeria for energy generation

B. O. Oboirien, B. C. North, S. O. Obayopo, J. K. Odusote, E. R. Sadiku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An analysis of clean coal technologies for the recovery of energy from Nigerian coals was carried out. The coal mines studied are Onyeama, Ogwashi, Ezimo, Inyi, Amasiodo, Okaba, Lafia-Obi, Owukpa Owukpa, Ogboyoga and Okpara. The estimated reserves of the ten coal deposit amount to 2.1 Gt, which is about 84% of the total coal reserves of the country 2.5 Gt of coal Nigeria. The key clean coal technologies studied are Ultra-Supercritical Combustion (USC), Supercritical-Fluidised Bed Combustion (FBC), Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) and Coal bed Methane (CBM) and the results were compared with conventional subcritical pulverised fuel combustion (PF). The total potential energy recovery from these technologies are: PF 5800 TWh, FBC 7250 TWh, IGCC 7618 TWh, and USC 8519 TWh. This indicates an increase of about 31% in the total electricity generation if USC technology is used instead of the conventional sub-critical PF technology. About 39% of the total electricity generation of 8519 TWh from USC could come from Amasiodo coal deposit, making it the highest contributor to the total power generation. Inyi coal had a contribution of ∼1.5% making it the lowest contributor. The lowest CO2 emission factor was from Onyeama coal and was reduced from 1.0 kg CO2/kWh in PF to 0.68 kg CO2/kWh in USC. Oghwashi coal had the lowest energy and highest emission factor. There will be a need for the coal upgrading/beneficiation for optimal energy recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-70
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy Strategy Reviews
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Clean coal technologies
  • Coal
  • Emission factors
  • Energy recovery
  • Nigeria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy (miscellaneous)

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