An Overview of Islamic Accounting: The Murabaha Contract

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The purpose of this study is to consider the events leading to the development of modern accounting standards for Islamic banks and, thereafter, to consider the accounting process and related impact on the financial statements for the Murabaha contract. A qualitative review of the available literature was conducted to meet this purpose. First, the influence of culture on accounting is considered, and after that, the historical development of Islamic accounting is explored. Next, the modern development in Islamic accounting is explained. The discussion then summarizes the contracts used by Islamic banks, with a particular focus on the Murabaha contract as it is the most widely used contract. The structure of the Murabaha contract is detailed, along with the criticisms found in the literature. Thereafter, the accounting treatment of the Murabaha contract is highlighted, followed by a simulation to illustrate the accounting process and its impact on the financial statements. This study contributes to the debate about the need for Islamic accounting standards as it relates to Islamic financial institutions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number335
JournalJournal of Risk and Financial Management
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • Islamic accounting
  • Murabaha contract

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Accounting
  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics


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