An investigation of the role of non-work-time behavior in buffering the effects of work strain

Peter C. Winwood, Arnold B. Bakker, Anthony H. Winefield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: In this exploratory study, we investigated the extent to which common leisure time behaviors, which generate positive feelings of fulfillment and personal reward, are significant in alleviating work-induced stress between successive work periods. We tested the hypotheses that such activities increase recovery from stress directly, and also by improving sleep quality, thereby alleviating maladaptive outcomes from work strain. METHOD: An on-line survey study was completed by a heterogeneous sample of 314 workers in diverse occupations, in good health. RESULTS: Non-work-time behaviors play a significant role in mediating maladaptive outcomes from work strain. Multivariate analysis of these relationships indicates both direct and indirect effects, the latter being associated with mediating sleep quality. Respondents reporting higher levels of active leisure activities, exercise, and creative (hobby) and social activity, reported significantly better sleep, recovery between work periods, and lower chronic maladaptive fatigue symptomology. CONCLUSION: Active and fulfilling non-work-time behaviors are more significant in maximizing recovery from work strain than is commonly recognized. This effect is arguably due to the downregulation of stress-induced brain arousal, and stimulation of the pleasure-reward brain neurophysiology. Consistent recovery from work strain between work periods may represent a crucial factor in avoiding work-related "loss spirals" leading to maladaptive health outcomes, which can be particularly relevant to workers in inherently stressful occupations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)862-871
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'An investigation of the role of non-work-time behavior in buffering the effects of work strain'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this