An integrated model for factors affecting construction and demolition waste management in Iran

Bahareh Nikmehr, M. Reza Hosseini, Raufdeen Rameezdeen, Nicholas Chileshe, Parviz Ghoddousi, Mehrdad Arashpour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose - Factors influencing management of construction and demolition (C&D) waste within the Iranian context have yet to be investigated. The purpose of this paper is to define and address this knowledge gap, through development of a model to map the associations among the primary factors affecting C&D waste at project, industry and national levels. Design/methodology/approach - A conceptual model is developed based on synthesising the findings of available studies on factors affecting C&D waste with a focus on developing countries. For collecting data, the study drew upon a questionnaire survey of 103 Iranian construction practitioners. The strength and significance of associations among these factors to modify and validate the model were assessed using the structural equation modelling-partial least squares approach. Findings - Major factors affecting C&D waste management and their level of importance were identified at project, industry and national levels. Results clearly showed that the government should review regulations pertaining to C&D waste management and make sure they are implemented properly. The "polluter pays principle" is a useful guide in devising effective policies and regulations for the Iranian context. Originality/value - This study contributes to the field through presenting the first major study on C&D waste management in Iran. The study provides a picture of C&D waste management status quo in Iran and encapsulates the factors affecting C&D waste management in the Iranian context at different levels within an integrated model. The findings have practical implications for policy makers and construction practitioners in Iran, similar developing economies and foreign firms planning to operate in Iran.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1246-1268
Number of pages23
JournalEngineering, Construction and Architectural Management
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Construction and demolition (C & D)
  • Factors affecting
  • Integrated model
  • Iran
  • Minimization
  • Waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Business,Management and Accounting


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