An evaluation on different origins of natural organic matters using various anodes by electrocoagulation

Feride Ulu, Sibel Barişçi, Mehmet Kobya, Mika Sillanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this investigation, natural organic matters (NOM) of different origins (commercial, terrestrial and natural water) were treated by electrocoagulation (EC) process using aluminum, iron and hybrid electrodes. Electrode type effect on removal efficiency was observed for each NOM (commercial, terrestrial, and natural). The results were presented as dissolved organic carbon (DOC) (mgL-1) and UV/VIS absorbance (cm-1). The specific UV absorbance (SUVA) was determined before and after treatment of water. The lowest effluent concentration was obtained as 5.05mgL-1 with hybrid electrode for natural NOM source at its original pH 7.3. In addition, among the metal types, the best UV-abs-254 removal efficiency was obtained as 92.4% with 0.0312cm-1 by hybrid electrode at the end of the process. The color removal efficiency of water occurred successfully by Al and hybrid electrodes. Aquatic NOM source was the most resistant to EC treatment with DOC reduction of 71.1%, 59.8%, and 68.6% for Al, Fe and hybrid electrodes, respectively. Zeta potential and floc size of colloids were observed during the process for the determination of destabilization level of natural organic matters in EC process. Fast coagulation or flocculation and incipient instability were formed during electrolysis time for Al and Fe electrode, respectively. SUVA value was reduced to below 2 for three NOM sources studied. The EC process was shown to be a viable for different NOM sources with various metals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-114
Number of pages7
JournalChemosphere
Volume125
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electrocoagulation (EC)
  • Floc size
  • NOM
  • Zeta potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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