An empirical examination of board-related and firm-specific drivers on risk disclosure by listed firms in Kenya: a mixed-methods approach

Erastus Mbithi, Tankiso Moloi, David Wangombe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to examine the effect of board-related and firm-specific drivers on quality of risk disclosure (RD) by listed firms in Kenya. Design/methodology/approach: This study uses explanatory sequential mixed-method. The quantitative approach uses content analysis to measure quality of RD and panel data regression to examine the effect of board-related and firm-specific factors on quality of RD. The results of regression analysis are informed by qualitative analysis through interviews with preparers of the annual report. Findings: The results reveal that quality of RD is low but greater in the post-regulation than in the pre-regulation period. Additionally, the results of regression and interview analysis show that board-related (board independence and board gender diversity) and firm-specific factors (firm size and leverage) positively influence the quality of RD. Research limitations/implications: This study focused on listed non-financial firms; this may affect the generalisation of the findings among financial firms. Practical implications: The findings highlight the effectiveness of the Companies Act in improving RD practice in Kenya. However, the low-quality RD suggests that more consideration should be taken to review the current regulations. This study also suggests that board independence, board gender diversity, leverage and firm size are attributes that require regulatory focus to enhance quality of RD. Social implications: This study contributes to the ongoing discussions about RD to improve worldwide. Originality/value: This paper adds to the limited studies investigating RD and drivers using mixed methods in developing countries. Specifically, this study develops a novel measure of RD and examines its drivers (board-related and firm-specific) using agency and institutional theories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-322
Number of pages25
JournalCorporate Governance (Bingley)
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2023

Keywords

  • Agency theory
  • Agency theory and institutional theory
  • Board related
  • Firm-specific
  • Institutional theory
  • Risk disclosure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

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