Altered-LiNGAM (ALiNGAM) for solving nonlinear causal models when data is nonlinear and noisy

Pramod Kumar Parida, Tshilidzi Marwala, Snehashish Chakraverty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The Linear non-Gaussian acyclic model (LiNGAM) is efficient in finding the linear causality in non-Gaussian datasets. But real world data possess the non-linear causality which is not scoped by most of the models. Here we propose a method to find the causal orderings while the data is non-linear and noisy. We show that the basic model of LiNGAM can be used to analyze non-linear data for effective error minimization and to reduce the noises in the model. While using the primary structure of the original LiNGAM, we have introduced new estimation process to provide the Altered-LiNGAM method to find non-linear causality. The proposed Altered-LiNGAM or ALiNGAM imposes specific condition on the system to maximize the probable causal directions and provides complete causal inference on observed datasets. The method is duly tested for synthetic non-linear noisy, non-Gaussian mixture data types and real world data sets for acyclic causal relations. We also provide a comparative analysis of ALiNGAM with the original LiNGAM and Direct-LiNGAM (DLiNGAM) methods. The new concept of causal level is introduced to arrange and represent the causal directions in Directed Acyclic Graphs (DAGs) to construct the causal models using the kinship relations in the features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-202
Number of pages13
JournalCommunications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017


  • Causal levels
  • LiNGAM
  • Mixed non-Gaussian distributions
  • Non-linear causality
  • Probable causal directions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Numerical Analysis
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Applied Mathematics


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