Agriculture and water resources crisis in Yemen: Need for sustainable agriculture

Ahmed A.M. Almas, Miklas Scholz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Yemen's agriculture and water resources sectors are in a crisis. The water availability is 150 m3/cap/a. This compares with an average of 1250 m3/cap/a for the Middle East and North Africa. All surface water and groundwater resources are exploited beyond the level of recharge. The agriculture industry uses 93% of the potable water, and does not actively encourage sustainable water saving techniques. Qat (Catha edulis; recreational drug) cultivation uses 40% of the potable water. The water crisis could be mitigated by reducing qat production, and promoting water reuse of treated wastewater for irrigation. However, this is currently socially unacceptable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-75
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Sustainable Agriculture
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Groundwater
  • Irrigation
  • Qat
  • Social problems
  • Sustainable agriculture policy
  • Wastewater reuse
  • Wastewater stabilization pond
  • Water leakage
  • Water resources
  • Yemen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Development
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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