Agent-based modelling: A case study in HIV epidemic

Eyob Teweldemedhin, Tshilidzi Marwala, Conrad Mueller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This research presents an agent-based, bottom-up modelling approach to develop a simulation tool for estimating and predicting the spread of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in a given population. HIV is mainly a sexually transmitted disease (STD) causing a serious problem to human health. The virus is transmitted from an infected person to another who was previously healthy through different biological, social and environmental factors. The research develops the simulation tool by modelling these factors by agents. Although research has and is being conducted to estimate and predict the spread of the HIV epidemic, the proposed research seeks to investigate the spread using a different approach. The previous models used a top-down modelling approach. They are built from the general characteristics and behaviours of the population. They have not explored the potential use of agent technology. This research attempts to investigate the flexibility that the multiagent system offers. Agent-based models are close to the situations that exist in a given real system that consists of autonomous components interacting with each other. The modelling approach has the advantage of observing the interaction made between agents, which is a difficult task in the top-down modelling approach. The research investigates the performance of the tool and presents the first results obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - HIS'04
Subtitle of host publication4th International Conference on Hybrid Intelligent Systems
EditorsM. Ishikawa, S. Hashimoto, M. Paprzycki, E. Barakova, K. Yoshida, M. Koppen, D.M. Corne, A. Abraham
Pages154-159
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings - HIS'04: 4th International Conference on Hybrid Intelligent Systems - Kitakyushu, Japan
Duration: 5 Dec 20048 Dec 2004

Publication series

NameProceedings - HIS'04: 4th International Conference on Hybrid Intelligent Systems

Conference

ConferenceProceedings - HIS'04: 4th International Conference on Hybrid Intelligent Systems
Country/TerritoryJapan
CityKitakyushu
Period5/12/048/12/04

Keywords

  • Human behaviour
  • Modelling HIV
  • Multi-agent based simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering

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