Advantages and Challenges of Biodegradable Electronic Devices

Maimoona Ilyas, Muntaha Ilyas, Farooq Sher, Umer Liaqat, Eder C. Lima, Ayesha Zafar, Jasmina Sulejmanović, Mika Sillanpää

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Nowadays, the ubiquitous things in modern society are electronic devices and have become dominant in every aspect of human affairs. The smaller and shorter life span of electronic devices (e-devices) can induce stress on the management system of electronic wastes which continue to rising with no-abate-in-sight. It has been estimated that the photovoltaic waste would increase to 60 million tons in 2050 from 35, 000 tons in 2020. Biodegradable electronic devices can reduce the environmental impacts of the electronic devices as these biodegradable e-devices can degrade easily and cause no environmental pollution as such to the electronic devices. The objective of this study is to highlight the importance and need of biodegradable electronic devices, to highlight it as a green solution for the management of electronic waste in the whole world. Hence these natural-based materials have the benefits of abundance in availability, low price, low immunoreaction, and most importantly its biodegradability. Generation of new solar cells having multiple biodegradable layers made up of silicon or any other biodegradable materials. Cellulose can be used as a transparent and elastic surfactant in organic solar cells due to high optical haze which can spread out the transmitted light and in this way enhance the solar cell efficiency. External quantum efficiency is 42% in solar cells which are made up of organic biodegradable materials. From this fact, we conclude that we can use easily available biodegradable transparent materials replacing the conventional glass and polyethylene terephthalate substrate like cellulose which is economically effective as well, it is nontoxic and has polymeric properties. Soil bacteria can easily degrade cellulose.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConducting Polymers
Subtitle of host publicationChemistries, Properties and Biomedical Applications
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781000564686
ISBN (Print)9781032071091
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • General Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology


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