Adolescent personality development as a longitudinal marker for burnout and happiness in emerging adulthood

İldeniz B. Arslan, Nicole Lucassen, Amaranta D. de Haan, Joran Jongerling, Arnold B. Bakker, Peter Prinzie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This study examined whether individual differences in personality (development) from adolescence to emerging adulthood were associated with burnout and happiness in emerging adulthood. At Time 1 (2009; Mage = 15.7 years), Time 2 (2012), and Time 3 (2015), Belgian participants (N = 329; 43.1% boys) reported on the personality dimensions of extraversion, agreeableness/benevolence, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness/imagination. Burnout (exhaustion, disengagement) and happiness (life satisfaction, overall affect) were measured through self-reports at Time 4 (2018). For each personality dimension, except benevolence, higher levels were associated with fewer burnout symptoms. Initial levels of all personality dimensions were related to more happiness. Shallower decreases in extraversion, emotional stability, and stronger increases in imagination were related to fewer burnout symptoms and more happiness. Results indicate the importance of studying personality development as a determinant of later well-being, above and beyond effects of initial levels. Findings offer new insights into the field of personality, occupational, and positive psychology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-209
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Longitudinal
  • big five personality development
  • burnout symptoms
  • happiness
  • individual differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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