Access Control in Cyber-Physical Spaces Using Virtual Perimeters

Brian Greaves, Marijke Coetzee, Wai Sze Leung

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


In recent years, physical access control systems have not developed to the same extent as their cyber counterparts. Cyber access control prevents unwarranted access to sensitive information. When a cyber document is displayed on a monitor, it loses its cyber protection as a passer-by can view the document on the monitor. A disparity thus exists between the level of security provided to a document in the cyber compared to the physical realm. Physically rendered documents can be better protected by establishing dynamic security perimeters, called virtual perimeters, around them in the physical realm. Indoor positioning systems can be used to dynamically locate people to determine if they violate the virtual perimeter around an object. When an event such as someone crossing the virtual perimeter occurs, access control can be performed. This research proposes a dynamic, event-driven, access control framework to provide security and privacy in physical spaces using virtual perimeters and camera-based indoor positioning systems. The Virtual Perimeter Access Control framework aims to prevent physical access to objects by monitoring the locations of entities within the space and prompting access control to be performed once a virtual perimeter is violated.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Sixth International Congress on Information and Communication Technology - ICICT 2021
EditorsXin-She Yang, Simon Sherratt, Nilanjan Dey, Amit Joshi
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9789811617805
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event6th International Congress on Information and Communication Technology, ICICT 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 25 Feb 202126 Feb 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Networks and Systems
ISSN (Print)2367-3370
ISSN (Electronic)2367-3389


Conference6th International Congress on Information and Communication Technology, ICICT 2021
CityVirtual, Online


  • Access control
  • Cyber-physical
  • Framework
  • Indoor positioning systems
  • Privacy
  • Virtual perimeters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Networks and Communications


Dive into the research topics of 'Access Control in Cyber-Physical Spaces Using Virtual Perimeters'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this