A Review of Energy and Gender Poverty Nexus in South Africa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


About 15% of South African households lack access to electricity from the mains, most of whom are found in the rural areas and informal settlements. This energy poor population consists 57% women and 43% men, with Limpopo province having the greatest share in the country. Energy poverty has led to gender poverty as women and girls are faced with the task of collecting and using firewood and other unclean energy sources to meet their households' energy needs. Therefore, they are exposed to challenges such as health hazards, premature deaths, time poverty, physical hazards, etc. The challenges facing electrification through grid extension in the country has made more women and girls to be found in the energy-gender-poverty nexus. Hence, there is need to explore modern, clean, reliable and affordable electricity through decentralised renewable energy sources, with accompanying policies, in order to mitigate energy and gender poverty in South Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE PES/IAS PowerAfrica, PowerAfrica 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728167466
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020
Event7th Annual IEEE PES/IAS PowerAfrica Conference, PowerAfrica 2020 - Virtual, Nairobi, Kenya
Duration: 25 Aug 202028 Aug 2020

Publication series

Name2020 IEEE PES/IAS PowerAfrica, PowerAfrica 2020


Conference7th Annual IEEE PES/IAS PowerAfrica Conference, PowerAfrica 2020
CityVirtual, Nairobi


  • Energy poverty
  • Firewood
  • Gender poverty
  • Indoor air pollution
  • Women and girls

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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