A Multigroup Analysis of the Job Demands-Resources Model in Four Home Care Organizations

Arnold B. Bakker, Evangelia Demerouti, Toon W. Taris, Wilmar B. Schaufeli, Paul J.G. Schreurs

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

498 Citations (Scopus)


The job demands-resources (JD-R) model was tested in a study among 3,092 employees working in 1 of 4 different home care organizations. The central assumption in the model is that burnout develops when certain job demands are high and when job resources are limited because such negative working conditions lead to energy depletion and undermine worker motivation and learning opportunities, respectively. A series of multigroup structural equation modeling analyses provide strong evidence for the JD-R model. Specifically, results showed that job demands are primarily and positively related to the exhaustion component of burnout, whereas job resources are primarily related to cynicism (negatively) and professional efficacy (positively). The theoretical and practical implications of the JD-R model are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-38
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Stress Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Burnout
  • Home care
  • Job demands
  • Resources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • General Business,Management and Accounting
  • Applied Psychology
  • General Psychology


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