A model of positive and negative learning: Learning demands and resources, learning engagement, critical thinking, and fake news detection

Christian Dormann, Eva Demerouti, Arnold Bakker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter proposes a model of positive and negative learning (PNL model). We use the term negative learning when stress among students occurs, and when knowledge and abilities are not properly developed. We use the term positive learning if motivation is high and active learning occurs. The PNL model proposes that (a) learning-related demands and resources contribute to learning engagement and burnout, (b) that learning engagement improves critical thinking, which (c) should enhance students' abilities to detect fake news. Two studies demonstrate the validity of the learning engagement and burnout constructs, and learning-related demands and resources as possible antecedents. Also, critical thinking mediates the effect of learning engagement on fake news detection. Still, 30.30% of the students believed more in fake news than in real news. We discuss implications of the PNL model for the design of learning conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPositive Learning in the Age of Information
Subtitle of host publicationA Blessing or a Curse?
PublisherSpringer Fachmedien Wiesbaden
Pages315-346
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9783658195670
ISBN (Print)9783658195663
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Critical thinking
  • Fake News
  • Learning demands
  • Learning resources
  • Motivation
  • Negative learning
  • Positive learning
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences

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