A green approach for enhancing the electrocatalytic activity and stability of NiFe2O4/CB nanospheres towards hydrogen production

Tshimangadzo S. Munonde, Haitao Zheng, Mphoma S. Matseke, Philiswa N. Nomngongo, Yi Wang, Panagiotis Tsiakaras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Among the exfoliation processes applied on layered materials, it is the first time to explore the ultrasonic exfoliation in water for improving the catalytic properties of NiFe2O4/CB (CB = carbon black) nanospheres towards the electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in acidic media. It is found that after exfoliation, the overpotential of HER on NiFe2O4/CB nanospheres is improved by about 90 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm−2. Moreover, the exfoliated NiFe2O4/CB nanospheres are not only more stable than the commercial Pt/C catalyst, but also they exhibit an overpotential improvement of about 100 mV at 50 mA cm−2, after 6000 CV cycles. It is also found that the ultrasonic process causes uniformed NiFe2O4/CB particles, an increase of the electrochemical active sites, enriched Fe2+ ion and Fe3+ occupied on tetrahedral sites on the surface layer of the NiFe2O4/CB nanospheres, as resulted from the analysis with XPS, FTIR etc., leading to a higher activity and excellent durability. Furthermore, the approach also provides new insights on processing of materials in a green route.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)704-714
Number of pages11
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume154
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Acid media
  • Hydrogen evolution reaction
  • Nanospheres
  • NiFeO
  • Ultrasonic exfoliation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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